The program titles and descriptions in this document were provided by program points of contact. The GCTF and Hedayah do not associate terrorism or violent extremism with any religion, nationality, civilization, or ethnic group, consistent with relevant UN Security Council Resolutions.
The threat posed by “Foreign Terrorist Fighters” (FTF) – individuals who travel abroad to a State other than their States of residence or nationality to engage in, undertake, plan, prepare, carry out or otherwise support terrorist activity or to provide or receive training to do so (often labeled as “terrorist training”)1 – is a major issue for international and national security. Governments continue to grapple with how to address the complex set of challenges posed by this threat. Many countries are concerned that the rising number of people, especially youth, radicalized to violence and traveling to fight or train alongside terrorist groups in conflict and non-conflict areas will become further radicalized and pose a new terrorist threat to their home or third countries, including transit countries.
FTF can have an impact on origin, transit, and destination countries, including in planning operations and facilitating the influx of recruits and arms, as well as increasing the proliferation of the terrorist threat upon their return to their home or third countries with potential violent extremist indoctrination and/or affiliation, operational knowledge or experience in terrorist attacks, and training. Subsequent to their return, whether operating independently (“lone actors”) or as a part of a group, there is a risk that FTF can commit terrorist acts or promote violence, provide guidance and operational expertise, raise funds, and/or serve as recruiters to radicalize and more broadly encourage others to violence in their State of residence or nationality or in other States.
In recognition of the growing threat posed by the FTF, in September 2014, the Global Counter-Terrorism Forum (GCTF) adopted The Hague—Marrakech Memorandum on Good Practices for a More Effective Response to the FTF Phenomenon and the Addendum2, which articulated a set of good practices for addressing the FTF phenomenon under four major headings: (1) radicalization to violent extremism; (2) recruitment and facilitation; (3) travel and fighting; and (4) return and reintegration.
In order to support the practical implementation of The Hague—Marrakech Memorandum and its Addendum, in particular on the CVE and returnee elements of the FTF phenomenon, this document provides a catalogue of existing programs sponsored by or led by countries that all UN member states may find useful or appropriate for their particular national context. This catalogue is intended to serve as a living document and will be updated on an ongoing basis, as appropriate. The catalogue categorizes programs according to the four headings of the FTF phenomenon.